A patent patent ideas is an intellectual house correct that gives the holder, not how to get a patent an working correct, but a correct to prohibit the use by a third get together of the patented invention, from a specific date and for a limited duration (generally twenty years).

Some countries may possibly at the time of registration issue a "provisional patent" and may possibly grant a "grace period" of 1 year which avoids the invalidity of the patent to an inventor who disclosed his invention before filing a patent in a non-confidential basis with the benefit of permitting fast dissemination of technical information whilst reserving the industrial exploitation of the invention. Dependent on the nation, the very first "inventor" or the 1st "filer" has priority to the patent.

The patent is legitimate only in a given territory. Thus, the patent remains nationwide. It is possible to file a patent application for a particular nation (INPI for France, the USPTO for the U.S., JPO for Japan), or a group of nations (with the EPO for 38 European countries, filing a PCT application for the 142 signatories of the Treaty). Thus, a patent application may possibly cover several countries.

In return, the invention must be disclosed to the public. In practice, patents are automatically published 18 months after the priority date, that is to say, soon after the initial filing, except in particular cases.

To be patentable, in addition to the truth that it need to be an "invention", an invention must also meet 3 crucial criteria.

1. It must be new, that is to say that nothing at all similar has ever been accessible to the public knowledge, by any implies whatsoever (written, oral, use. ), and anyplace. It also need to not match the material of a patent that was filed but not yet published.

2. It should have inventive step, that is to say, it cannot be obvious from the prior art.

3. It need to have industrial application, that is to say, it can be used or manufactured in any variety of sector, which includes agriculture (excluding works of art or crafts, for example).

When a business believes that its competitors are unlikely to find out 1 of its secrets and techniques for the duration of the time period of coverage of any patent, or that the business would not be able to detect infringement or enforce its rights, it can choose not to file, which carries a risk and a benefit.

The chance: If a competitor finds the identical method and obtains a patent on it, the firm may be prohibited to use his personal invention ( the French law and American law vary on this point, a single taking into consideration the proof at the date of discovery, and the other at the date of publication). French law also includes a so-called exception of "prior personalized possession" for a man or woman who can prove that the alleged invention was indeed infringed currently in its possession prior to the filing date of the patent application. In this how to obtain a patent kind of situation, operation would only be in a position to proceed for that individual on the French territory.

The advantage: If there is no patent, the approach is not published and therefore the organization can expect to continue operation in concept indefinitely (However in practice, someone will probably find the idea a single day, but the duration of safety might end up longer in total). This method of trade secret and as a result non- patenting is utilized in some circumstances by the chemical market.